• Monday, 14 March 2011

    Pre Partition

    PRE-PARTITION

    • Who amongst the following were the first to invade India? Arabs
    • Real name of Mohd: bin Qasim was Amadudin Mohammad (Pillar of Deen).
    • Mohd: Bin Qasim was nephew and son-in-law of Hajjaj bin Yousuf the Governor of Iraq (Omayad Period). He came to Sindh with 12 thousand men.
    • Mohd: bin Qasim conquered Sindh during Ummayads.
    • Siskar was Waziir of Dahir.
    • Mohd: bin Qasim tortured to death in Iraq by Sulaiman.
    • The Abbasid governor Hisham came to Sindh in 757 A.D.
    • Shabudding Ghori was the founder of Islamic State in India.
    • Qutubudin Aibk was the founder of slave dynasty after Ghoris.
    • Ghiyasuddin Tughluq was the first sultan of Tughluq dynasty.
    • Aurangzeb reimposed ‘Jaziya’?
    • Ibn Batutah visited India in reign of Muhammad-bin Tughluq
    • Babur used artillery in warfare.
    • Emperor Shahjahan= Khurram Shihab-ud-din
    • Akbar prohibited the practice of Sati?
    • Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya’s Dargah is located at Delhi.
    • Baba Farid Gang Shakar was the first Punjabi poet.
    • Waris shah is called the ‘Shakespeare of Punjabi literature’.
    • Tomb named Khawaja Moin ud Din Chisti is in Ajmer.
    • Hazrat Bullay Shah was a famous Sufi poet of Punjabi language. His tomb is in the city of Kasur.
    • Thatta was the capital city of Sindh during Argons and Turkans
    • Mohd: bin Tughlaq introduced tokens currency firstly.
    • Akbar the Great was born in Umar Kot.
    • Shalamar Bagh was built by Shah Jahan (Shahabuddin Mohd: Shah Jahan) (also called Shahzada Khuram)
    • Jahan Ara begum was the daughter of Shah Jahan
    • Mehmood set out on Somnath on17 Oct: 1024 A.D.
    • 1st battle of Tarrin was fought b/w Mohd: Ghouri & Rajput (1191), Ghori was defeated. In 1192 A.D, the 2nd battle of Tarrin, Ghori wins.
    • Ahmed Shah Abdali was the King of Kabul.
    • Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated Marhatas in 1761.
    • Pan Islamism introduced by Jamaludding Afghani.
    • Nadir Shah of Iran invaded Delhi during the period of Mohd: Shah Rangila (The Moughal Emperor).
    • Original name of Tippu Sultan was Nawab Fateh Ali.
    • 4th May 1799 was the day of Shahadat of Tippu Sultan.
    • The original name of Sultan Siraj Doullah (the Nawab of Bengal) was Mirza Mohd:
    • Battle of Plassey was fought in 1757 b/w Clive and Siraj-ud-Daula which established British rule in Bengal.
    • Sindh was annexed by Birtish in 1847 and was separated from Bombay in 1935 vide India Act 1935.
    • First war of freedom was fought in 1757 b/w Siraju Doullah and Rober Clive.
    • Sh. Ahmed Sirhandi is known as Majaddid Alf Sani.
    • Sheikh Ahmad Sirhandi was born in 1564.
    • Mausm Khan, soldier of Titu Mir was sentenced to death.
    • Hajatullah al-Balaghah written by Shah Waliullah.
    • Shah waliullah born in 1703. Shah Waliullah died in 1763.
    • Shah Alam II was an ally of Mir Qasim in the Battle of Buxar.
    • During Jehangir’s reign Sir Thomas Roe and Captain Hawkins visited Moghul court to secure commercial privileges.
    • Real name of Shah Waliullah was Ahmed and his historical name was Azimuddin.
    • Haji Shareetullah of Bengal was the founder of Farazi Tehriz in 1802. Farazi Tehriz meant to pay more attention on fundamental of Islam.
    • Syed Ahmed of Rai Brelli (Oudh) was the founde of Jehad Tehrik against Sikhs. He was martyred at Balakot (NWF) in 1831.
    • Battle of Buxar was fought in 1764.
    • Haji Shariat Ullah was born in 1781
    • The main aim of Brahma Samaj was Reform in Hinduism.
    • Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded Brahma Samaj.
    • Ani- Muslim Arya Samaj (1877) was founded by Dayanand Sirasoti. Arya Samaj was founded in 1875 (chk)
    • In 1805, British made Sri Lanka a colony.
    • British annexed NWFP in 1849.
    • Wardha scheme written by Zakir Hussain.
    • Sati was abolished by Lord William Bantink.
    • First census in India made during the period of Lord Mayo.
    • Moen-jo-DAro & Herapa discovered in 1922.
    • Sir John Marshal ordered digging of Moen jo Daro in 1922.
    • East India Company was formed in 1600 in London.
    • In India French East India company was established in 1664.
    • Raishmi Romal campaign started by Ubaidullah Sindhi before war of Independence.
    • War of Independence started on 7th May, 1857 from Delhi.
    • Lord Canning was the Governor General of India during Sepoy Mutiny.
    • In India the first gate of enterance of Europeans was Bengal.
    • At Meerath firstly the war of independence was fought.
    • War of independence started on 9th May, 1857.
    • The first Viceroy of the subcontinent was Lord Canning.
    • Queen’s Proclamation was made in 1858.
    • Indian National Congress made by Allan O. Hume in 1885.
    • First president of Congress was W.C. Benerjee.
    • 72 members attended the first meeting of Congress at Bombay out of them only 2 were Muslims.
    • Warren Hastings was the first Governor General of Bengal.
    • Hindi-Urdu controversy started in 1867.
    • Mohsin-ul-Mulk founded Urdu Defence Association.
    • Syed Ahmed Khan born on 17th Oct: 1817 in Delhi & died March 241898 at Ali Gargh.
    • Sir Syed is buried in Ali Garh Muslim University.
    • Tahzibul Ikhelaque was published in 1870. (1867 chk)
    • Asrar-us-Sanadeed was compiled by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.
    • Sir Syed wrote Loyal Mohammandan’s of India & Causes of Indian Revolt.
    • Hayate-e-Javed is written by Maulana Hali about Sir Syed.
    • In Indai English education was first initiated in Bengal in 1835.
    • Shah Waliullah was born in Delhi.
    • Madressah Rahimiya was established by Shah Abdul Rahim.
    • Scientific society was established in 1863.
    • Albert Bill was presented in 1883
    • NWFP was separated from Punjab by the British in 1901, Lord Curzon was then the viceroy and GG of British India.
    • Mohammadan Educational Conference was formed on 27 Dec: 1886 by Sir Syed.
    • Muhammadan Literacy Society of Calcutta founded in 1860.
    • “Indian Patriotic Association” was founded in 1861.
    • Nidwatul Ulema (1884) was founded by Molvi Abdul Ghafoor Qasim Nativi. Nadvat-ul-Ulema was founded in 1894 and Maulvi Abdul Ghafoor was its founder.(chk)
    • Darul-ul Deoband (1867) was founded by Mohd: Qasim Nanavatavi.
    • MAO College founded on Jan: 8, 1877 and inaugurated by Governor General Lord Lyton.
    • Present Sindhi alphabets made by Sir Barter Frere in 1883.
    • Anjuman-e-himayat-Islam was founded in 1884.
    • Sindh Madrasa built by Hassan Ali Afandi on 1st Sep: 1885.
    • DJ (Diwan Dayaram Jethmal) Science College was opened by Governor of Bombay Lord Reay on 17th Jan: 1887.
    • Islamia High School Peshawar was founded in 1890.
    • Muslim Aligargh University was established in 1920.
    • Treaty of Amritsar took place in 1876.
    • Kashmir was sold to Gulab Singh in 1845.
    • NWFP was given status of province in 1901.
    • Shakespeare (not William Shakespeare) was the governor of Banarus.
    • Mohammadan Political Association was formed in 1903.
    • Partition of Bengal announced on 1st Sept: 1905 & implemented on 16 Oct: 1905 by Lord Curzon.
    • Partition of Bengal annulled: 10th Dec: 1911 by Lord Hardinge.
    • Swadeshi movement was started against Partition of Bengal.
    • Bengal divided in East Bengal (Muslim Bengal) & West Bengal (Hindu Bengal) in July 1905 by Lord Curzon. Capital of Muslim Bengal was Dacca and that of Hindu Bengal was Calcutta.
    • The partition of Bengal was annulled on 12th Dec: 1911 by King George-V and Queen Marry.
    • The president of Simla Deputation (1st Oct: 1906) was Agha Khan III and secretary was Mohsanul Mulk.
    • Muslim League founded on 30 Dec: 1906 at Decca.
    • ML was formed in the annual session of Muslim Educational Conference in Decca with the proposal of Nawab Salimullah.
    • The HQ of ML was established at Lucknnow.
    • Initial membership of ML was 400.
    • Mohd: Ali Johr wrote the constitution of ML: The Green Book.
    • Inagural session of ML was presided by Nawab Samiullah.
    • Inagural address was delivered by Nawab Vikarul Mulk.
    • First session of ML was held on 30th Dec: 1907 at Karachi.
    • First session of ML held in Karachi 31st Dec: 1907 was presided over by Adamjee Pri Bhai of Bombay.
    • The original name of Mohsanu-ul-Mulk was Mehdi Ali Khan.
    • Original name of Waqaul Mulk was Molvi Mohd: Shah.
    • 1st President of ML was Agha Khan III. (upto 1913).
    • Sir Agha Khan remained permanent president of ML till 1913.
    • First VC of Aligarh University was Agha Khan 3.
    • Agha Khan III was born in Karachi and was buried in Egypt.
    • Real name of Agha Khan III was Sultan Mohd: Shah.
    • First secretary general of ML was Hussain Bilgrami.
    • 2nd President of ML was Sir Ali Mohd: Khan when Agha Khan III resigned in 1913.
    • Sir Mohammad Shafik was the second general secretary of Muslim League.
    • Syyed Amir Ali established ML London in 1908.
    • Quaid attended 1st time Muslim League session in 1912. (chk)
    • Quaid resigned from Imerial Legislative Council as a protest against Rowlatt Act in 1919.
    • Quaid became ML president 1919-1924 (chk it).
    • Quaid joined ML 10 Oct 1913.
    • Syed Amir Ali resigned from ML in 1913.
    • Quaid resigned from Congress and Home Rule League in Dec: 1920 (Nagpur Session) became ML president in 1916. (chk it)
    • Quaid held joint membership of ML & Congress for 7 years i.e from 1913-1920
    • He presided the ML Lucknow session of 1916 and Delhi session of 1924, became permanent president of ML in 1934.
    • Lord Minto came to India as viceroy in 1915.
    • Minto Morley reforms 1909: introduced separate electorates.
    • Minto Morley reforms: Minto was Indian Viceroy and Morley was state secretary for India.
    • Montague Chemsford Reforms came in 1919.
    • ML demanded principle of self rule for India in 1913.
    • Kanpur mosque incident took place in 1913.
    • Jillanwalla Bagh is in Amritsar. It was place where a number of Indian killed by the English on 13th April, 1919.
    • General Dair was the army commander of Amritsar during Jullianwala bagh slaughter (1919).
    • Lucknow Pact came in Nov: 1916.
    • Home Rule Movement was founded by Mrs. Annie Basent an English Parsi lady in 1916 after Lucknew pact.
    • Rowalt Act was passed in 1919.
    • Khilafat Movement started in 1919 and ended in March 1921.
    • All Indai Khilafat committee was founded in Bombay on 5th Juley 1919 and Seth Chuttani became its first president.
    • First meeting of All Indai Khilafat Movement was held on 23rd Nov: 1919 and was presided over by Molvi Fazal Haq of Bengl. Its headquarter was at Bombay.
    • Khilafat day was observed on 27th October, 1919.
    • Indian Khilafat Delegation met with Lloyd George.
    • Mopala uuprising in Malabar 1921.
    • Chauri Chuara incident tookplace in 1922.
    • Non-cooperation movement was called off by Gandhi because of Chauri-Chaura incident 1922.
    • Shuddi and Sangathan movement was started at the end of Tahreek Khilafat.
    • Sangathan movement was started by Pandit Malavia.
    • Treaty of Lausanne was signed in 1923.
    • Mustafa Kamal: first president of Turkey on 23rd Oct: 1923.
    • Atta Turk means the father of Turks.
    • Khilafat was abolished in 1924.
    • Last caliph of Turkish State was Abdul Majeed Afandi.
    • Hijrat Movement took place in 1924
    • Reshimi Roomal movement of 1915 started by Maulana Mehmood-ul-Hassan.
    • Lord Rippon is associated with the Hunter Commission.
    • Lord Dalhousie is associated with Wood’s Dispatch.
    • Lord Cornwalls is associated with permanent settlement of Bengal.
    • Delhi proposals presented by Quaid-e-Azam in March 1927.
    • Nehru Report was produced by Motilal Nehru in 1928.
    • Shoaib Qureshi was one muslim member who took part in writing the Nehru Report.
    • 14 Points came in March 1929 from Delhi.
    • Simon Commission visited India in 1928 and consisted of 7 members.
    • British cabinet minister Cripps came to India in March 1942.
    • Civil Disobedience Movement started by Gandhi on 12th March, 1930.
    • Simon Commission submitted its report in 1930.
    • Ist Session of Round Table Conference from 12Nov1930 to 19Jan1931. (Mohd: Ali Johar participated in it, Congress was absent.)
    • Congress absent in 1st RTC, leaders were in jail due to civil disobedience.
    • Leader in the 1st RTC was Agha Khan III.
    • Quaid attended RTC 1, not attended RTC 2&3. After RTC 1, he renounced politics and persued lawyership.
    • The PM of England during 1st Roundtable was Ramshy Macdonald.
    • 2nd Session of RTC from 7Sep1931 to 31stSep1931. Gandhi represented Congress.
    • Gandhi-Irwin pact was made on March 5, 1931.
    • 3rd Session of RTC from 17Nov:1932 to 24Dec: 1932.
    • British opposition did not participate in RTC III.
    • Communal award published in 1932.
    • White Paper of RTC published in Marchi 1933.
    • Begum Shahnawaz attended one RTC.
    • Mohd: Ali Johar Started Comrade & Hamdard (1912) from Calcutta.
    • Name of Bi-Aman was Abidi Begum. (chk afridi begum)
    • Mohd: Ali Johar borin in1878 at Rampur and died at the age of 54 on 4ht Jan: 1931 at London and was buried in Bait-ul-Mukadas (Jerusalem).
    • Wife of Mohd: Ali Johar was Amjadi Begum.
    • Moulana Shoukat Ali, the elder brother of Mohd: Ali was born in 1872 and died on 28th Nov: 1938 and buried at Jamia Mosque Delhi.
    • Zamidar (1903) started by Zafar Ali Khan from Lahore.
    • Daily Dawn (1942) by Quaid.
    • Daily Jang (1940) by Mir Khalilur Rehman.
    • Daily al-Halal by Abdeul Kalam.
    • Ch: Rehmat Ali is associated with Delhi Darbar.
    • IN 1908, Iqbal was awarded Ph.D from Munich University for Persian Philosophy.
    • Allama Iqbal born on 9th Nov: 1877 at Sialkot and died on 21st April, 1938
    • Allama Iqbal was tutored by Moulvi Syed Mir Hassan.
    • Iqbal was elected as a member of Punjab Legislative Assembly in 1926 and chosen president of ML in 1930.
    • Jinnah means Lion.
    • Jinnah means Thiner. He was 5 feet, 11 ½ inches in height.
    • Quaid got education of law from Lincolin’s Inn.
    • “Quaid” used by Molvi Mazharul Haq in newspaper Al-Aman.
    • Wife of Quaid was Ratan Bai.
    • Quid’s father was Jinnah Poonja.
    • Jinnah Poonja was born in 1850 and married with Mithi Bai.
    • Poonja was grand father of Quaid.
    • Jinnah joined Congress in 1906& in 1913 ML in London.
    • Quaid born on 25th Dec: 1876 and died on 11 Sep: 1948.
    • Jinnah joined ML on the insistence of Mohd: Ali Johar and Syed Wazir Hassan.
    • Jinnah got admission in at Gokal Das Teg primary school Bombay at the age of 10 he studied for 5 ½ months.
    • Jinnah went to London and got law degree at the age of 18 form LINCONINN.
    • Sir Dinsha was the father of Ratna (the wife of Jinnah).
    • Ratna embrassed Islam on 18th April 1918 and married Jinnah on 19th April 1918. before that she was Parsi. She died on 20th Feb: 1929 and was buried in Aram Bagh Bombay.
    • Dinna, the daughter of Jinnah was born on 14th August, 1919.
    • Dinna married a Parsi boy named Navel Wadya.
    • Jinnah left the lawyership after 23rd March, 1940 nd returned to India in April 1934.
    • Pakistan national movement was founded by Ch: Rahmat Ali.
    • Lilaquat Ali Khan Joined Muslim League in 1924.
    • Sindh separated from Bombay in 1935.
    • The system of Dyarchy (Two authorities) was in operation from 1921-1937. (chk it).
    • Dyarchy introduced in 1919 reforms and removed in 1935 Act.
    • Dyarchy was introduced as a constitutional reform by E.S. Montague and Lord Chelmsford.
    • Dyarchy divided India into 8 major provinces (excluding Burma.)
    • Jinnah-Rajendra Prasal formula came in 1935.
    • Provincial elections held in 1937.
    • Pirpur Report about congress ministries came in 1938.
    • Shareef report about Bihar came in 1939.
    • Muslims observed “Day of Deliverance” on 22nd Dec: 1939.
    • A committee under the chairmanship of Raja Mohd: Mehdi was appointed to inquire into congress ministries.
    • August Offer was offered by Viceroy Lord Llinthgow in 1940.
    • Cripps visited India in 1942.
    • Quit India movement started in1942.
    • Simla conference (June, 1945) was presented by Lord Wavel.
    • Wavel plan was made in 1945.
    • In 1945, Labour Party came to power.
    • In 1945 elections ML won 428 out of 492 seats.
    • In 1946, Quaid decided to join Interim govt in India.
    • In interim govt: ML got portfolis of Finance & Liaquat Ali was Finance Minister.
    • J.N.Mandal was the non-Muslim member who became a minister in interim govt: on ML behalf.
    • On the arrival of Simon Commission, ML was divided in to Mohd: Shafee & Quaid groups.
    • Unionist’s Ministry was in Punjab.
    • Fouinder of Unionist Party in Punjab was Sir Fazle Hussain.
    • Sir Siney Rollet was the president of Rollet Committee whose objective was to check Home Rule Movement.
    • Real name of Gandhi was Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi.
    • Burma separated from India in 1935 and was made independent in 1947.
    • Sindh asssembley passed the resoluation for the creation of Pak: firstly on June 26, 1947.
    • Lahore Resolution was presented in 27th Session of Muslim League at Monto Park (now Iqbal Park) on 23rd March, 1940 by Fazal-al-Qaq of Bengal. Quaid presided the session.
    • The book ‘last dominion’ was written by Carthill.
    • “Divide and Quit” is wtitten by Penderel Moon.
    • “Mission with Mountbatten” written by Campbell Johnson.
    • Liaquat Desai pact was concluded in 1946.
    • Cabinet mission announced its plan on 16th May, 1946.
    • Cabinet Mission consisted of 8 members.
    • ML accepted Cabinet Mission but Congress rejected it.
    • Muslim League observed direct action day on 16th August 1946.
    • On 18th July, 1947, British parliament passed Indian Independence Bill.
    • MP of England at the time of independence of Pak: was Lord Cunet Iteley.
    • Redcliffe Award announced on 15th August 1947.
    • On April, 1947, All India State’s Conference was held in Gawalior.
    • Inquilab Zindabad slogan was given by Mohammd Iqbal.

    No comments:

    Post a Comment